ARTISTS

Amita Arthur & Bond Asahi Shoten Ashihara Fujii, Yoshitoyo Fukui Hagiya, Katsuhira Hattori, Kintaro Ikeda, Seisuke G. Ikoma Kagawa, Katsuhiro Kawano, Yoshinosuke Komai, Otojiro Komai, Seibei Kuhn & Komor Kumeno, Teitaro Kuroda, Kiichi Kyoto Damascene Mitsui, Yoshio Mitsukoshi Miyamoto Shoko Murakami Toyo Nagata Namikawa, Yasuyuki Nogawa, Noboru Ogurusu Ohayo Okubo Brothers Samurai Shokai Takeda Brothers Uyeda, Kichigoro Yamanaka

Amita Co. artists: Minai, Torahiko Kanamori, Takeshi

Other artists

ARTHUR & BOND アーサー&ボンド

HISTORY

The English owned, Japanese based company Arthur & Bond were important retailers and manufacturers. Catering mainly for tourists and ex-pats, they were well known for their high quality silverware that was usually marked with a simple 'Arthur & Bond', 'Yokohama' and 'Sterling'.

The interior of the Arthur & Bond's store, Yokohama, 1900's.

Arthur & Bond's most famous commission, without a doubt, has to be the Liscum Bowl, tresured by the 9th United States Infantry. It stands as a monument to Colonel Liscum, regimental commander, who was killed in action at Tientsin, China, on 13 July 1900.

The background of the bowl lies in the American Relief Expedition to China. On 13 July 1900, shortly after arriving on Chinese shores, the regiment was engages in the conquest of the walled city of Tientsin. With the exception of a battalion of Marines, the 9th Infantry was the only American unit engaged in the struggle, or in the locale. In the course of an assault upon the walls of Tientsin, Col. Liscum was struck by Chinese fire, and shortly after directing his men to "Keep up the Fire" on the walls of the city, he died.

When Tientsin fell, it was divided into districts, each of which was occupied by one of the various nations engaged in the expedition. Portions of the city were in flames, and official seizures, together with private looting, were occurring periodiclly. Two days after the fall, on 15 July, a goverment mint was discovered in the American sector and reported to Major Foote, the senior officer present. The area was immediatly placed under guard by the 9th Infantry to prevent looting. Colonel Meade, the senior American Officer present at Tientsin, was informed of the discovery. Further investigation revealed the presents of silver bars of an estimated value of $376,000. Col. Meade then directed that the bars be removed and placed in the compound quartering the Marines so they could be safe guarded. When the bars were removed from the mint, it appeared the heat had caused a number of bars to fuse together, resaulting in the development of some large molten masses. Two of these formations were among the last of the silver removed from the building.

At the time, Captain Frank De W. Ramsey, the regimental Quartermaster and the representative of the 9th Infantry was presented with the two formations. The presentation was ordered by Prince Li Hung Chang, as an expression of appreciation from the Chinese to the Manchu Regiment.

In early 1901, while the Regiment was in Peking, Captain Ramsey, the custodian of the property, called an informal meeting of a number of the officers to explore possible actions in use of the fused silver..It was then that the idea of a trophy similar to the existing Liscum bowl was concieved..Before leaving Peking, fifty-two cups, forming part of the collection, were designed and constructed from a portion of the silver by Chinese silversmiths.

In April 1902, after returning to the Philippines, the regiment shipped the fused silver to Yokohama, Japan, where Arthur, Bond and Company performed the delicate task of formulating the body of the bowl, the ladle and the heavy circular tray. The ensemble, received a year later, in April 1903, conformed to the instructions forwarded by the Regiment. It was an ornate bowl of large dimentions; the four handles insisted upon by the Regiment consisted of the torsos of four Imperial dragons peering over the edge of the bowl. There was a ladle and a tray. The bowl took eight months to create, and was completed on 2 Nov 1902, but the Regiment did not receive it until stationed at Madison Barracks, New York, in April 1903. It was transported by a U.S. cruiser, via the Suez Canal.

The Liscum Bowl made by Japanese silversmiths employed by Arthur & Bond, 1902.

Customs immediately began to develope. The first of these centered around the original cups and consisted of an attempt to perpetuate the memory of the commissioned personnel who had served with the Regiment..The first name engraved was that of Colonel Liscum. This collection has been added to by Manchus from WWI, WWII, Korea. The Liscum Bowl was originally valued at over $50,000. It weighs 90 pounds and has a capacity of 14 gallons.

ADDRESS

38 Water street, Yokohama

Branches:
90, Concession, Kobe
52, St. Mary Axe, London

MARKS



Arthur & Bond trade mark

ADVERTISEMENTS
1891
1891
1894
1894

1898
1901
1907
1907

1914
1914
1914

Business cards

Business card #1, Side A
Business card #1, Side B

Records from old books

1899
1902
1905
1917

EXAMPLES (from the internet)

References:

"Jewelers Circular", vol.81, 1920.